Monthly Archives: March 2014

Learning Management System – March Madness 2014

I just produced a bracket for March Madness 2014 that breaks it down by which enterprise Learning Management System each campus is running.

LMS March Madness for 2014.

The Final-4 bis set:

Blackboard: 2
Sakai: 1
Desire2Learn: 1

The story line for the Final Four is almost perfect. In the first round it is Blackboard versus Sakai and Blackboard versus Desire2Learn. It could be an all-Blackboard final or Blackboard could have no teams in the final. This is unlike in 2013 where Blackboard was three of the four Final Four teams (Sakai was the fourth) and eventually won it all. If your team is no longer in the playoffs – simple switch to rooting for a team based on their enterprise LMS.

The Sweet-16 box score was:

Blackboard: 8
Sakai: 4
Desire2Learn: 3
Moodle: 1

Check out my blog post from last year!

We shall see who wins the overall LMS March Madness Challenge!

Joining Longsight

March 17, 2014 was my first day as a Longsight employee. I of course am not leaving my full-time faculty position at the University of Michigan School of Information and I will continue to teach my on-campus and Coursera courses. I am joining Longsight as a part-time employee with the title of “Sakai Strategist”. I will also continue doing consulting work for the IMS Global Learning consortium as I have done since 2008.

Being part of Longsight has a number of wonderful benefits for me. First I have financial support to participate in the Sakai community. While the result of free and open source efforts is freedom for the users and adopters of the resulting products, it still costs money to build high-quality open source software like Sakai. My new support will help underwrite a portion of my time working on Sakai as well as cover travel and support costs for my community activities. The second benefit to being part of Longsight is working closely with my new Longsight colleagues. Longsight has emerged as one of the strongest Sakai Commercial Affiliates (SCAs) and Longsight staff are a critical part of the leadership of the Sakai. Even though my efforts will be as a part-time employee, by being part of Longsight, I will be part of a coordinated effort to both improve Sakai and expand its reach.

I think that the LMS marketplace is at an important inflection point. Much like in 2004 when Sakai and Moodle became the disruptive force in the market that ultimately made the commercial providers better, stronger, and more responsive to customer needs, I think that the market is primed to take its next leap forward.

It is time for all the products in the marketplace to move toward a disaggregated architecture for learning platforms and learning tools. The single monolithic LMS will simply not meet the needs of teachers and learners any more. But all of the major products in the marketplace including Sakai, Moodle, Blackboard, Desire2Learn, Canvas and others have been dedicated to building the world’s greatest monolithic LMS. And frankly, what we have all really been doing for the last 15 years is trying to “out do” Blackboard Learn to one degree or another. Learn was the first and most successful product in this market and in many ways established and continues to be the definition of “learning technology”.

I think that Sakai is the only major LMS activity in the marketplace willing to take a risky step backwards to enable a transformative leap forwards. Sakai is the only effort that is supported by a diverse group of commercial and academic participants. This diversity has its challenges – we cannot raise $60 million from venture capitalists on a whim because we won’t surrender our intellectual property to them. But at the same time, we can collectively take risks.

We are a band of committed friends, colleagues and volunteers spread around the world. We work for a diverse set of organizations. Yet we have found a way to develop a product that has garnered between six and ten percent of worldwide market share. Sakai has been able to compete with well-funded enterprises and hold its own with almost no “centrally controlled” resources (we employ a single dedicated full-time employee). It is a testament to how much more efficient the open source model is than any other model of software development and group coordination. It also points out how much more effective each of us can be when we are doing something that we love.

So what is next? You actually don’t have to look much further than the 18-month roadmap for Sakai-11 that was developed by the community in January this year:

This is the first time we have engaged in a collective planning process with an 18-month horizon. We were scoping the release of Sakai-11 six months before we finish Sakai-10. The Sakai-11 goals are bold and will require a lot of work. My support from Longsight will ensure that I can invest the time I need to contribute to that exciting vision of Sakai-11 and beyond.

In addition to the Sakai-11 roadmap, I will be spending time working on other Apereo open source efforts like building a portfolio system completely outside of *any* LMS and integrating it through standard connections. I also plan to be involved in the Apereo effort to build an open source tool for Learning Analytics that will work with *any* LMS and integrate using standards like LTI, xAPI, and IMS Caliper. And there has not been any mention of an open source Apereo learning object repository or App Store projects – but I think that is only a matter of time.

I am running out of space so I will just mention offhand the flight of LMS users to mobile, the emergence of the EPUB3 standard and its impact on learning, the increasing growth of enhanced e-books as the “Entry Point to Learning”. LMS vendors are not likely to have the agility needed to truly explore these complex and emerging trends fully. But since Sakai has so many people and schools already “playing” with these ideas at the edge – it is completely natural for us to be front and center in these transformative trends.

I see amazing synergy between building new standards in IMS, building reference implementations for those standards into Sakai and then building Apereo learning tools outside of Sakai integrated using those standards.

I think that the combination of Apereo/Sakai/IMS will be energizing to the entire marketplace in very good ways. People, companies, and universities need to realize that an investment in Apereo is an investment in the future architecture of the teaching and learning marketplace. I would love to see Blackboard, Canvas, Moodle, and Desire2Learn join the Apereo community and contribute to various Apereo efforts. One way or another we are all in this together.

I am looking forward to seeing you all in New Orleans at IMS Learning Impact – May 5-8 and in Miami at the Open Apereo 2014 – June 1-4.

Leaving Blackboard

March 7, 2014 was my last day as a Blackboard employee. I will miss working closely with the talented people at Blackboard. The choice and timing of this decision was entirely mine. I just felt that my personal adventure was leading in a different direction and I wanted more time and range to work independently and explore those possibilities. That said I expect that I’ll continue to work with my Bb collaborators in many of the same ways I have been, just with a different perspective.

I am very proud of my two years as a Blackboard employee. Blackboard is a great supporter of open source, Sakai and open standards, and it’s investments helped move Sakai 2.9 towards its ultimate release. Sakai 2.9 was very important because it was the first release that included Rutger’s LessonBuilder that gave Sakai a structured content capability that most see as an essential feature for learning management systems.

Video about LessonBuilder from University of Michigan

I really enjoyed working with the Blackboard xpLor team in Indianapolis integrating xpLor into Sakai’s LessonBuilder using the Learning Object Repository Integration (LORI) API. I was so proud when the LORI code was deployed in production at Indiana for Fall 2013 and later made available to the entire Sakai community when it was included in Sakai 2.9.3. I was also able to invest time to build new portal navigation (along with many others) for Sakai 2.9 that nicely updated Sakai’s look and feel.

Arguably the most significant effort supported by Blackboard was my work on IMS LTI 2.0. Starting in early 2013, it was clear that we needed a reference implementation in a real LMS to compliment the rich tool implementation built by John Tibbets of VitalSource. When a standard is “almost done”, what is needed to push it over the edge into reality are solid reference implementations and a certification suite. So I threw myself into the task and by the end of last summer I had the Sakai LTI 2.0 code pretty much complete. All that was left was to argue through the myriad of tiny details that are exposed when real implementations are built.

Because of my support from Blackboard, Sakai 10 is the first officially IMS LTI 2.0 certified LMS.

Over the past two years, Blackboard has covered my to travel to IMS and Sakai meetings around the world. I greatly enjoyed picking up the tab for my friends Ruth’s Chris steak dinners and Karaoke nights. I am a firm believer that steak and karaoke are fundamental to community cohesion. Letting us have fun together was part of Blackboard’s investment in the success of the Sakai community.

While it is pretty cool to have a job with a company that pretty much pays you to do whatever you want to do, what was really cool was how much my colleagues at Blackboard embraced me and made me feel part of the team. I loved going to BbWorld meetings and just listening to so many smart people who thought so deeply about the teaching and learning marketplace.

That closeness is what I will miss the most as I shift my role from that of an “internal collaborator” to an “external collaborator”. I hope to continue (as I always have) to collaborate through IMS with Blackboard – and the rest of the marketplace – to truly revolutionize teaching and learning with technology. I think that the LMS vendors, working with IMS can craft a whole new world of easy-to-use and seamlessly integrated disaggregated learning functionality. I think that the LMS marketplace will see great change in the next five years. I don’t see the profound innovations coming from a bunch of small startups – but instead the major efforts like Blackboard, Canvas, Desire2Learn, Sakai and Moodle will lead from the front.

When you next meet me at a Sakai, IMS, Educause, SXSWEdu or some other meeting – I will be doing exactly the same thing as I was doing the last time you met me. Playing and exploring new ways to improve teaching and learning with technology and trying to bring people together to work collectively.

Comments welcome.